State Motto - Ua mau ke ea o ka aina I ka pono.
The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness.

Hawaii is derived from a native Hawaiian word for homeland,
owhyhee. It is the southernmost of the states, Longitude:
154 40' W to 162 W Latitude: 16 55' N to 23 N in line with
central Mexico.

A chain of 132 islands, reefs, and shoals make up the state of Hawaii, thoughwe generally only think of the eight main islands, Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Maui,Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe and the Big Island of Hawaii, each of which is thetop of a submerged volcanic mountain. The remaining 124 islands togethercomprise only about three square miles and are not fit for human habitation.

State Bird - Hawaiian goose - Nene (Branta sandwicensis)
State Flower - Yellow Hibiscus - Pua Aloalo (Hibiscus brackenridgei)
State Marine Mammal - Humpback whale - Kohola (Megaptera novaeangliae)
State Tree - Candlenut Tree - Kukui (Aleurites moluccana)
State Fish - Reef triggerfish - Humuhumunukunuku apua'a (Rhinecanthus rectangulus)

Hawaii is the most isolated population center on the earth, 2,390 miles from
California and 3,850 miles from Japan.

The Hawaiian Islands are the tips of the tallest mountains in the world. Mauna Kea, thehighest point in Hawaii is 13796 feet (4,205 m) measured above sea level. From its baseon the ocean floor Mauna Kea is taller than Mt. Everest.

A baby humpback whale drinks more milk in one day than a human baby does in one year.

The Big Island is 4,038 square miles, twice the size of all the otherHawaiian Islands combined.

Mt. Waialeale on Kauai averages 488 in. of rain per year, making it the wettest spot on earth.

Haleakala Crater on Maui is the world’s largest dormant volcano, about the size of Manhattan.

Over 69 movie and television shows have been filmed on Kauai since 1933.

The four main Hawaiian gods are Kane, Ku, Lono and Kanaloa. Kane is the god of sunlight,fresh water, and natural life. Ku is the god of war and male power. Lono is the god of peace, fertility, winds, rain and sports. Kanaloa is the god of the ocean. Pele is the goddess of fire.

Maui the brother of Pele, lassoed the sun slowing it down to make the days longer.

Hula preserves history through oral tradition and expresses the soul of Hawaiian spirituality.

More than 90 percent of the native plants and animals living in Hawaii are found nowhere else in the world.

Area - 10,932 square miles - Population - 1,260,000

About 5% of Hawaii is above sea level.

Kauai has 111 miles of coastline, half of which is sandy beach.

Hawaii has no native land reptiles or amphibians.

The deepest channel in Hawaii is the Kauai channel at 10,980 ft.

Kauai, the oldest of the major islands is about 5.5 million years old.

Honolulu is the nation’s 11th largest metropolitan area with a population of about 400,000.

Hawaii is sometimes called the Endangered Species Capital of the World. At least one third ofall the endangered species in the United States are found in Hawaii including the Nene Goose Monk Seal, and the Humpback Whale.

Monthly average temperatures in Hawaii range from a high of 87.1 degrees to a low of 65.3 degrees.

Hawaii’s zenith star is Arcturus or Hokule’a, used in celestial navigation to find the islands.

There are only 12 letters in the Hawaiian alphabet. Vowels: A,E,I,O,U Consonants: H,K,L,M,N,P,W

The Luahiwa Petroglyphs on Lanai are considered the best preserved in the islands.

The royalty (Ali’i) in Hawaii wore capes and cloaks made out of millions of feathers.This feather work was the finest in all of Polynesia. Many of these bright yellow and red birds are now extinct.

Hawaii kapa or bark cloth was the most detailed in all of Polynesia.

More than one-third of the world's commercial supply of
pineapples comes from Hawaii.

The Big Island is the worldwide leader in harvesting macadamia
nuts and orchids.

There are over 50 different varieties of bananas. Two bananas
provide enough energy for a strenuous 90-minute workout.

A new Hawaiian island named Loihi is forming about 15 miles off the southeast coast of the Big Island. This seamount has already risen 2 miles above the ocean floor, and is 1 mile from the ocean’s surface. In another thirty or forty thousand years, a new island will exist where the Big Island currently rests.

Common insects such as the mosquito, monarch butterfly, praying mantis and the termite are relatively new introductions to Hawaii.

Two wallabies arrived in 1916 as circus animals and were purchased by a developer to attract buyers to his new subdivision. They escaped (ofcourse),and their 100 to 150 descendants are currently living on the craggy ridges of Kalihi Valley on O`ahu.

The Green Sea Turtle (Honu) sheds salty tears when they leave the water to get rid of excess salt in their bodies. They are called “green” because they were once a food source and their meat is reportedly green.

Shark attack is an extremely unlikely event in Hawaiian waters. In 2004 over 6 million people visited Hawaii. The state's resident population is 1.2 million. There were only six shark attacks in 2002. From 1828 to 2001 there were 101 total unprovoked shark attacks in Hawaii. Twenty of these were fatal attacks. An average of 60 people die each year by drowning.

Kalo or taro (colocasia esculenta) came to Hawaii with the earliest Polynesian settlers in their canoes. It was the primary food of the Hawaiians. This starchy root has been cultivated worldwide for millenium.

The ancient Hawaiians were a neolithic society, flourishing without clay or iron. They had a very sophisticated culture based on a close relationship with the land and sea. Intimate knowledge of plants and the environment helped them to thrive.

Kilauea, the smallest of five volcanoes on the Big Island, is the world’s most active, erupting continuously since 1983.

The world’s highest seacliffs rise 3000 ft. out of the ocean on Molokai’s north shore.

On the Big Island there is an underwater temple dedicated to the Hawaiian shark god.